A’ cur an gnìomh gach rud Gàidhlig agus Ath-sgrùdadh Naidheachdan na Gàidhlig
The Promotion of all things Gaelic and the Reawakening of the Gaelic Nation
It’s time for the formation of a new Gaelic Society, but not for a Gaelic revival such as happened during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Gaelic Culture is alive and well but it’s now time for a great Gaelic resurgence and we offer An Cumann Gaelach to you a a suitable vehicle.
An Cumann Gaelach
- Gaelic culture from the Irish language, literature, art, history, nationalism and folklore do not need revival.
- They are alive but they have no cohesive vehicle of expression because they are largely ignored by today’s Irish media and communications channels. Even T na G does very little to fulfil that role. What Gaelic expression needs is a dynamic cohesive vehicle for organisation, communication, expression and future growth.
- Gaelic Culture and traditions should be readily available to enriching the lives of Irish and Gaelic people everywhere. Gaelic culture should be readily accessible and presented to our young people as an attractive vibrant living expression of their lives and a proud expression of their unique social, cultural heritage. Economic benefits of Gaelic culture should be fully promoted and realised by communities and individuals throughout the country and in Gaelic communities abroad.
- Gaelic culture and tradition has become more popular in recent years especially because of the worldwide success of our music, dance and theatre. However this world popularity must not only be nurtured and supported but it must also be used as a springboard to promote other aspects of Gaelic culture as we march into the uncharted territory and be ready to embrace the opportunities of the 21st century.
When any expression of Gaelic culture is embraced and embodied by a dynamic organisation it flourishes.
- When Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann was founded in 1954 it didn’t need to revive Irish music. What Comhaltas gave it was organisation and expression that enabled it to flourish and express itself nationally and internationally.
- At the time GAA was founded Cricket was the most commonly played game in Ireland but Gaelic games especially hurling were still so deeply embedded in the Irish DNA that once given organisation and expression it immediately blossomed into the greatest amateur sports organisation in the world.
- The orphan in this group is Conradh na Gaeilge which describes itself as a social and cultural organisation that promotes the Irish language. It was founded as the Gaelic League in 1893 by Eoin Mac Néill with Douglas Hyde as its first president. It succeeded several 19th century groups such as the Gaelic Union. Following the foundation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the organisations prominence diminished as the Irish language was made a compulsory subject in state-funded schools. The organisation is still possibly the most active voluntary Irish language organisation. While it has 200 branches it still doesn’t have the popular appeal, the drive or support that the GAA and Comhaltas have. Unlike the others it seems to look inward rather than making itself more universally attractive.
- The Amateur Drama Council of Ireland (A.D.C.I) is the federation of amateur drama festivals for the whole of Ireland – North and South. A.D.C.I was founded in 1952 and has coordinated the running of preliminary drama festivals and All Ireland festivals ever since. The principal objects of the Council are to foster, develop, promote and encourage amateur drama in Ireland and to organise annually All Ireland Drama Festivals.
An Cumann Gaelach
The Gaelic Revival
When philologists discovered how to read Old Irish (written prior to 900) it led to the translations of ancient Gaelic manuscripts (e.g., The Annals of the Four Masters). It then became possible to read Ireland’s ancient literature.
- Heroic tales inspired the imagination.
- Anglo-Irish poets experimented with verse structured according to Gaelic patterns and rhythms that echoed the passion and imagery of ancient bardic verse.
- In 1842 the Young Ireland founded The Nation, a paper that published the works of Thomas Osborne Davis, a master of prose and verse, and poets such as Thomas D’Arcy McGee, Richard D’Alton Williams, and Speranza (Lady Wilde, mother of Oscar Wilde) and inspired pride in Irish literary achievements.
- The Dublin University Magazine(1833–80), another important literary publication included the work of James Clarence Mangan, translator of Gaelic poetry into English who also wrote original verse in the Gaelic style. Jeremiah John Callanan was the first to use the Gaelic refrain in English verse, and Sir Samuel Ferguson wrote epic-like poetry recalling Ireland’s heroic past. Thomas Moore, Charles Maturin, and Maria Edgeworth also incorporated Irish themes from earlier Gaelic works into their writings.
An Cumann Gaelach
The Irish literary renaissance
The Gaelic revival was overshadowed by the pressing need for land reform over cultural nationalism. However, the revival did lay both the scholarly and nationalistic groundwork for the Irish literary renaissance, resulting in a great outpouring and flowering of Irish literary talent at the close of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
The Irish literary renaissance expressed itself as a great flowering of Irish literary talent at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. It was closely allied with strong political nationalism and a revival of interest in Ireland’s Gaelic literary heritage.
This renaissance was inspired by the nationalistic pride of the Gaelic revival. It resulted in the retelling of Ireland’s abundance of ancient heroic legends in books such as the History of Ireland (1880) by Standish O’Grady and A Literary History of Ireland (1899) by Douglas Hyde; and by the Gaelic League. The early renaissance writers wrote rich and passionate verse, filled with the grandeur of Ireland’s past and the musical beauty and mysticism of Gaelic poetry.
The movement developed into a vigorous literary force centred on the poet and playwright William Butler Yeats. He contributed to the foundation of the first Irish national theatre, the Abbey Theatre. He wrote a few beautiful plays but which were difficult to stage. His friend Lady Isabella Augusta Gregory played a leading role in the Abbey’s management and wrote many ` Irish Literary Theatre, established in 1898, also excelled in the production of ‘peasant’ plays. The main dramatist of the movement was John Millington Synge, who wrote powerful plays in a stylized interpretation of ‘peasant’ dialect. The theatre later turned toward realism, of a mostly rural nature.
While ‘The Irish literary renaissance’ blossomed and flourished among the literary classes and an artistic intelligentia, its somewhat spontaneous blossoming had neither structure nor direction and it branched out into theatre in one direction and fuelled the flames of revolution in another.
In the ignorance of its elitist arrogance it failed utterly to embrace the latent culture in the common people. Its dramatic ‘stage Irish’ theatrical expression from J M Synge was great for an Anglo Irish and foreign audiences who no more than Synge didn’t understand the Irish vernacular and its subtleties. Lady Gregorie’s attempt to express the people’s English vernacular in her otherwise wonderful telling of the Irish legends left a sour taste in the mouths of the Irish people. While The Irish literary renaissance’ left us some wonderful poetry and a theatre it otherwise fizzled out with the passing of its own generation because it failed to embrace the people.
An Cumann Gaelach
The Gaelic revival and the Irish literary renaissance exposed the richness of all things Gaelic and inspired a new generation that embraced the national spirit that fuelled the changes of modern Irish history resulting in the poet’s rebellion of 1916. First it had to connect with the Gaelic spirit by immersing in and embracing the unique richness of Irelands Gaelic past.
The 21st Century Gaelic Society is an organic organisation that embraces the well established Gaelic culture that is inherent in and comes from every level of Irish society. It just needs to be nurtured and given worthy expression. It should be able to sustain a Cumann network throughout the country.
In today’s world where our cultural uniqueness has to compete with an onslaught of cultural diversity it is more important than ever to preserve and promote our Gaelic culture and living traditions so we too can contribute to the world’s culture from a position of pride, strength and vigour.
An Cumann Gaelach
Description of An Cumann Gaelach
The Society is a non-profit cultural movement and is called An Cumann Gaelach or The Gaelic Society and henceforth shall be referred to as either of the above with equal status and shall be composed Cumann throughout the country comprising of members involved in, promoting or supporting Gaelic culture in its many forms. The headquarters shall be in Limerick City.
The Objectives of An Cumann Gaelach or The Gaelic Society are:
- To foster, develop, promote, educate, promote events, showcase and encourage Gaelic cultural activity in all its rich expressions throughout Ireland and internationally.
- To nurture areas of culture and tradition that are weak, under threat, under supported or under resourced so they may flourish again.
- To create a closer bond and cross pollination between the different aspects of Gaelic culture and between ourselves and geographically isolated areas of Gaelic culture
- To co-operate with all bodies working for the promotion or Irish Culture.
An Cumann Gaelach will not compete with any of the existing Gaelic cultural organisations but rather support them in any way possible whenever the opportunity arises.
- To organise annually local, national and international festivals, concerts, seminars and Gaelic cultural events.
- To establish Cumann throughout the country and abroad to achieve the aims and objects of An Cumann Gaelach
- To organise courses of instruction for members in any or all aspects of Gaelic culture through scoil ghairid and Meitheals.
- To appoint committees to study, research and make recommendations to the Executive Council on matters relating to Gaelic culture in Ireland and in areas of Gaelic interest in Scotland, the Isle of Man, Nova Scotia and wherever Gaelic people and Gaelic activities arise.
- To encourage and support the production of both traditional and original material of a Gaelic nature
- To establish Provincial and overseas Councils as the need arises and or when the Executive Council deems it necessary.
To carry out any other activity which the membership or the Executive Council may deem to be in furtherance of Gaelic cultural objectives An Cumann Gaelach.